Periodontal diseases are infections in the gums which gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth. There are numerous disease entities requiring different treatment approaches.
Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease in genetically susceptible individuals. Daily brushing and flossing will prevent most periodontal conditions.
WHY IS ORAL HYGIENE SO IMPORTANT?
Periodontal diseases can be accelerated and exacerbated by a number of different factors. However, both gum disease and tooth decay are caused by bacterial plaque.
Plaque is a colorless film, which sticks to your teeth at the gum line. It constantly forms on your teeth but by thorough daily brushing and flossing, you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
If not properly removed, plaque hardens into a rough and porous substance known as calculus or tartar.
OTHER IMPORTANT FACTORS AFFECTING YOUR GUM HEALTH
- Clenching and grinding teeth
- Poor nutrition
Bacteria found in plaque produce toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, which may cause them to turn red, swell and bleed easily. If this irritation is prolonged, the gums separate from the teeth, causing pockets or spaces to form.
As periodontal diseases progress, the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds the teeth in place deteriorate. If left untreated, this leads to tooth loss.
PREVENTING GUM DISEASE
The best way to prevent gum disease is effective daily brushing and flossing as well as regular professional examinations and cleanings.
Unfortunately, even with the most diligent home dental care, people still can develop some form of periodontal disease.
Once this disease starts, professional intervention is necessary to prevent its progress.
If you live in or around Stillwater, OK and believe that your gums might be at risk of disease, please do not hesitate to contact our office.