THE IMPORTANCE OF ORAL HYGIENE
Did you know that adults over the age of 35 lose more teeth to gum (periodontal) diseases than to cavities? In addition, three out of four adults are affected by cavities at some time in their life.
The best way to prevent both cavities and periodontal disease is by following good tooth brushing habits and by flossing daily.
This is because periodontal disease and decay are both caused by bacterial plaque, which is a colorless film that constantly adheres to your teeth at the gumline. By thorough daily brushing and flossing, you can remove these germs and help prevent periodontal disease.
HOW TO BRUSH
Dr. Lauvetz-Enmeier recommends using a soft-to-medium toothbrush.
- Position the brush at a 45-degree angle where your gums and teeth meet
- Gently move the brush in a circular motion several times using small, gentle strokes brushing the outside surfaces of your teeth
- Use light pressure while putting the bristles between the teeth, but not so much pressure that you feel any discomfort
- When you are done cleaning the outside surfaces of all your teeth, follow the same directions while cleaning the inside of the back teeth
- To clean the inside surfaces of the upper and lower front teeth, hold the brush vertically. Make several gentle back-and-forth strokes over each tooth
- Don’t forget to gently brush the surrounding gum tissue
- Next, you will clean the biting surfaces of your teeth by using short, gentle strokes
- Change the position of the brush as often as necessary to reach and clean all surfaces
- Try to watch yourself in the mirror to make sure you clean each surface
- After you are done, rinse vigorously to remove any plaque you might have loosened while brushing
If you have any pain while brushing or have any questions about how to brush properly, please be sure to call the office at Jennifer Lauvetz-Enmeier, D.D.S. Phone Number405-624-3685.
HOW TO FLOSS
Periodontal disease usually appears between the teeth where your toothbrush cannot reach. Flossing is a very effective way to remove plaque from those surfaces. However, it is important to develop the proper technique.
The following instructions will help you but remember that it takes time and practice.
- Start with a piece of floss (waxed is easier) about 18” long
- Lightly wrap most of the floss around the middle finger of one hand
- Wrap the rest of the floss around the middle finger of the other hand
- To clean the upper teeth, hold the floss tightly between the thumb and forefinger of each hand
- Gently insert the floss tightly between the teeth using a back-and-forth motion
- Do not force the floss or try to snap it into place
- Bring the floss to the gum line then curve it into a C-shape against one tooth
- Slide it into the space between the gum and the tooth until you feel light resistance
- Move the floss up and down on the side of one tooth
- Remember there are two tooth surfaces that need to be cleaned in each space
- Continue to floss each side of all the upper teeth
- Be careful not to cut the gum tissue between the teeth
- As the floss becomes soiled, turn from one finger to the other to get a fresh section
- To clean between the bottom teeth, guide the floss using the forefingers of both hands
- Do not forget the back side of the last tooth on both sides, upper and lower
- When you are done, rinse vigorously with water to remove plaque and food particles
Do not be alarmed if during the first week of flossing your gums bleed or are a little sore. If your gums hurt while flossing you could be doing it too hard or pinching the gum. As you floss daily and remove the plaque your gums will heal and the bleeding should stop.
CARING FOR SENSITIVE TEETH
Sometimes after dental treatment, teeth are sensitive to hot and cold. This should not last long if the mouth is kept clean. If the mouth is not kept clean, the sensitivity will remain and could become more severe.
If your teeth are especially sensitive consult with your doctor. They may recommend a medicated toothpaste or mouth rinse made especially for sensitive teeth.
CHOOSING ORAL HYGIENE PRODUCTS
There are so many products on the market that it can become confusing when deciding what to choose. Here are some suggestions for choosing dental care products that will work for most patients.
- Automatic and “high-tech” electronic toothbrushes are safe and effective for the majority of the patients. We see excellent results with electric toothbrush brands like Rotadent and Interplak
- Oral irrigators (water spraying devices) will rinse your mouth thoroughly, but will not remove plaque. You need to brush and floss in conjunction with the irrigator
- Some toothbrushes have a rubber tip on the handle, this is used to massage the gums after brushing
- There are also tiny brushes (interproximal toothbrushes) that clean between your teeth. If these aren’t used properly, you could injure the gums. Discuss proper use with your doctor
- Fluoride toothpaste and mouth rinses, if used in conjunction with brushing and flossing, can reduce tooth decay by as much as 40%. Remember, these rinses are not recommended for children under the age of six
- Tartar control toothpaste will reduce tartar above the gum line, but gum disease starts below the gumline. This is why these products have not been proven to reduce the early stage of gum disease
- Anti-plaque rinses, approved by the American Dental Association, contain agents that may help bring early gum disease under control. Use these in conjunction with brushing and flossing.
Daily brushing and flossing will keep dental calculus, or tartar, to a minimum, but a professional cleaning will remove calculus in places your toothbrush and floss have missed. This is why your visit to our office should be an important part of your ongoing process to prevent gum disease.
Contact our professional and highly skilled team today and allow us to help you keep your teeth for your lifetime.